Iker Ros, Igor Camino Ortiz de Barrón, Edu Zelaieta Anta


En este artículo se pretende abordar la relación de la implicación o compromiso de los estudiantes con el pensamiento crítico y el pensamiento creativo. El compromiso (engagement) está compuesto por tres dimensiones: cognitiva (inversión en la tarea), emocional (identificación) y conductual (participación). Se entiende el pensamiento crítico como un proceso que ayuda a organizar u ordenar conceptos, ideas y conocimientos y el pensamiento creativo como la capacidad de producir ideas o respuestas originales. Ambos tipos de pensamiento buscan la forma más apropiada de resolver un problema. El objetivo del trabajo es ofrecer una perspectiva general de los estilos de enseñanza-aprendizaje y las metodologías que inciden específicamente en un mayor compromiso y fomentan el pensamiento crítico y creativo. Entre estas metodologías destaca el aprendizaje basado en problemas (ABP). Esto puede permitir, futuras tomas de decisiones, y analizar y clasificar los futuros programas formativos en función de los diferentes parámetros y dimensiones contempladas en el estudio.

Palabras Clave:

implicación estudiante
pensamiento crítico
pensamiento creativo
estilos de enseñanza-aprendizaje
metodologías activas



Abstract: This article aims to address the relationship of the engagement of students with critical thinking and creative thinking. The engagement is composed of three dimensions: cognitive (investment in the task), emotional (identification) and behavioural (participation). Critical thinking is understood as a process that helps to organize or order concepts, ideas and knowledge, and creative thinking as the ability to produce original ideas or answers. Both types of thinking seek the most appropriate way to solve a problem. The objective of the work is to offer a general perspective of teaching-learning styles and methodologies that specifically encourage greater engagement and develop critical and creative thinking. Among these methodologies highlights problem-based learning (PBL). This can allow future decision-making, and analyse and classify future training programs according to the different parameters and dimensions contemplated in the study.


student engagement
critical thinking
creative thinking
teaching-learning styles
active methodologies

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